Seminario virtual con David Jofré (University of Santiago) el 8 de septiembre

Virtual Seminar “Mediatizing Agribusiness-related Conflicts in Chile: How Activists Still Resort to Legacy News Media to Raise Awareness on Water and Pesticides Risk

David Jofré is a journalist (Universidad de Playa Ancha, Chile) with a PhD in Politics and a MSc in Political Communication (University of Glasgow, UK). He is currently Assistant Lecturer at the University of Santiago (USACH), where he teaches contemporary politics and organizational communications at the School of Journalism. Previously, David Jofré was a postdoctoral research fellow at the Research Center for Integrated Disaster Risk Management (CIGIDEN) led by Pontifical Catholic University. of Chile His research focuses on activist media practices, social movement organizations and socio-technological change, with an emphasis on Chilean environmental governance processes, conflicts and risks.

Please e-mail Karen.Siegel@uni-muenster.de if you would like to participate in the seminar.

David Jofré
Participación en los 9º Talleres Europeos de Estudios Internacionales (EWIS) 2022: «El lado oscuro de la sostenibilidad»

Participación en los 9º Talleres Europeos de Estudios Internacionales (EWIS) 2022: «El lado oscuro de la sostenibilidad»

Melisa Deciancio participó en los 9º Talleres Europeos de Estudios Internacionales (EWIS) 2022, «Los mundos interconectados del pasado y del presente: Co-constituyendo lo internacional» en la Universidad de Macedonia, Tesalónica, del 6 al 9 de julio de 2022. Participó del taller «El lado oscuro de la sostenibilidad» y presentó su trabajo sobre el análisis de la bioeconomía a través de la lente de las Teorías de la Dependencia y sus implicaciones para el caso argentino.

El proyecto SABio presente en la Conferencia ICABR 2022

El proyecto SABio presente en la Conferencia ICABR 2022

La 26ª Conferencia del International Consortium of Applied Bioeconomy Research (ICABR) se llevó a cabo en la Universidad de Bolonia del 5 al 8 de Julio de 2022. El tópico principal de la conferencia fue “Bioeconomy Innovation Pipelines and Supply Chain Shocks”.

Dos trabajos de miembros del equipo de investigación de SABio fueron aceptados en la Conferencia.

How Can Market Structures Hinder the Effectiveness of Inclusive Bioeconomy Policies? An analysis of the Brazilian Social Fuel Stamp. Autores: Kemel Kalif, Jorge Sellare.

Can Auctions Foster Renewable Energy under Institutional and Macroeconomic Instability? Autores: Pablo Mac Clay, Jan Börner, Jorge Sellare.

El ICABR es un consorcio internacional compuesto por profesionales interesados en la biotecnología agrícola, el desarrollo rural y la investigación en bioeconomía (https://icabr.net/)

Presentación en la Conferencia Anual del World International Studies Committee (WISC)

Presentación en la Conferencia Anual del World International Studies Committee (WISC)

Melisa Deciancio participó en la mesa redonda «The Politics of Development» en la Conferencia Anual del World International Studies Committee, celebrada en Buenos Aires el 1 de julio de 2022. Presentó el capítulo «Bioeconomy governance and (sustainable) development», en coautoría con Karen Siegel, Daniel Kefeli, Guilherme de Queiroz Stein y Thomas Dietz y publicado en su Handbook on the Politics of International Development (Elgar Publishers) editado junto a Pablo Nemiña y Diana Tussie.

Presentación en la conferencia «Energy Research & Social Sciences»

Presentación en la conferencia «Energy Research & Social Sciences»

Pablo Mac Clay, investigador junior de la Universidad de Bonn, ha presentado el paper Can Auctions Foster Renewable Energy under Institutional and Macroeconomic Instability? en la 3ra Conferencia “Energy Research & Social Sciences”. El paper es parte del Proyecto SABio y es coautoreado por el Prof. Dr. Jan Börner y el Dr. Jorge Sellare.

Los mecanismos de subasta de energía renovable se han convertido en una política cada vez más popular en los últimos años. Muchos países que buscan descarbonizar su matriz energética han estado adoptando subastas para reemplazar otro tipo de políticas más tradicionales. Incluso muchos de los recién llegados a las subastas son países en desarrollo. Pero, ¿pueden las subastas dar resultados en contextos de inestabilidad macroeconómica e institucional?

La 3ra Conferencia Internacional “Energy Research & Social Sciences” se llevó adelante del 20 al 23 de Junio de 2022 en la Universidad de Manchester. Esta conferencia es de los principales foros que exploran el nexo entre energía y ciencias sociales.

Coloquio presencial de SABio en la Universidad de Bonn

Coloquio presencial de SABio en la Universidad de Bonn

Después de dos años de trabajo en formato virtual, los días 14 y 15 de junio de 2022, ¡el equipo SABio se reunió finalmente en persona!

Los dos grupos de investigación del Proyecto SABio de la Universidad de Münster y de la Universidad de Bonn participaron en el Coloquio realizado en la Universidad de Bonn. Se reunieron para reflexionar sobre el avance del proyecto y debatir sobre los retos y oportunidades futuras. El coloquio fue organizado y coordinado por los dos responsables de los grupos de investigación, Jorge Sellare (Universidad de Bonn) y Karen Siegel (Universidad de Münster).

SABio at the Dresden Nexus Conference 2022

SABio at the Dresden Nexus Conference 2022

On May 23, 2022, the doctoral researcher Guilherme de Queiroz Stein and the research group leader of SABio at the University of Münster, Dr. Karen Siegel, presented the work entitled «A bioeconomy based on biodiversity in Brazil» at the session «Exploring Biodiversity and Economy Connections» of the Dresden Nexus Conference (DNC). The presentation brought the concept of socio-biodiversity to the debate on the economic potential of biodiversity. Also, it emphasized the need to pay attention to risks linked to biopiracy, the overexploitation of natural resources, and inequities in sharing benefits. The paper also discussed how governance over access to genetic resources and benefit-sharing could mitigate these risks. In addition, the panel also discussed various topics, such as the enhancement of ecosystem services, the economic potential of biodiversity, and the feasibility of seed collector projects to meet the demand for forest restoration, based on studies carried out in Namibia, Brazil, and Russia.

The DNC took place between May 23 and 25, 2022, to «create a dialogue on nexus thinking that fosters research activities and capacity development in the sustainable and integrated management of water, soil and waste.» The presentations were recorded and are available on the event’s virtual platform.

 

Coloquio «Bioeconomy and Sustainability Policies and Politics in Argentina, Brazil and Uruguay»

On March 23rd, 2022, the SABio Interdisciplinary Colloquium “Bioeconomy and Sustainability Policies and Politics in Argentina, Brazil and Uruguay” was held virtually, organized by Karen Siegel at the Institute of Political Science of the University of Münster. The two research groups of the SABio Project at the University of Münster and the University of Bonn as well as different members of the steering committee and scientific advisors of the project and some external guests from South America and Europe participated.

With the aim of discussing the policies and politics of bioeconomy and sustainability in Brazil, Uruguay and Argentina, the members of the research group in Political Science at the University of Münster gave a presentation of their research in each of the countries followed by a discussion and Q+A with the audience.

 

Guilherme de Queiroz-Stein presented part of his ongoing research on a bioeconomy based on biodiversity in Brazil. His research objective is to identify the economic potential of Brazilian biodiversity, the different conceptions regarding the development of this bioeconomy, and the possible associated risks. The analysis identified that governmental actors, civil society, academia, and national industry had presented different concepts on how to develop the Brazilian bioeconomy, converging in the search for alternatives to the hegemonic bioeconomy, based on soybean, corn, and sugarcane monocultures. In fact, he identified significant developments in sectors such as food, cosmetics, and medicines and future potentials linked to bioenergy, payment for environmental services, and ecotourism.

Daniel Kefeli presented his co-authored paper with Karen Siegel, Lucía Pittaluga and Thomas Dietz. They examine the main drivers and dynamics of environmental policy integration in Uruguay during three periods of the recent Uruguayan history between 1990 and 2020, reflecting the most significant changes in the level of policy integration. Following the framework developed by Candel and Biesbroek, they demonstrate the continuous progress in policy integration over the 30 years in the Uruguayan forestry sector.

Melisa Deciancio presented her paper on the role of the state in promoting the Argentine bioeconomy, focusing on the extent to which the state, through the promotion of various initiatives, contributed to the development of bioeconomy projects in Argentina. To answer this question, the paper examines two cases of the bioeconomy in Argentina: biorefineries and GM crops technologies. From the analysis of policies and actors involved in both projects, she states that the state has played an active role in accompanying the private sector in promoting the bioeconomy and that, despite ideological divergences, the policies designed demonstrate the continuity between the different governments.

 

For more information, please see the colloquium programme.

Conceptos, Mercados y Regulaciones: obstáculos y oportunidades para una Bioeconomía sostenible en Brasil

by Guilherme de Queiroz Stein, Trevor Tisler, and Renan Magalhães

On December 14th, 2021, the SABio project held a workshop on the Brazilian Bioeconomy. SABio researchers Guilherme de Queiroz Stein and Trevor Tisler organized and facilitated the event which saw the gathering of 45 participants from various governmental, academic, non-profit, and private sector organizations who are committed to the development of a sustainable bioeconomy in Brazil. The main objective of the event was to promote an open debate and an exchange of experiences related to how the addition of new laws related to biodiversity, conservation and ecological restauration to Brazil’s environmental legal framework may shape the development of Brazil’s bioeconomy.

«Gerardo Germano da Silva harvesting agroecological cotton in Ceará, Brazil» by farmingmatters. Licensed under CC BY-NC-SA 2.0.

At the onset of the debate among workshop attendees, the existence of different understandings and perspectives on what the bioeconomy is (and what it is not) were discussed, and moreover, how these differences guide separate and distinctive promotion and regulatory strategies for various bioeconomic activities throughout Brazil. The conceptual heterogeneity surrounding the bioeconomy poses methodological challenges to research projects and policy formulation. However, as this reflects the inherent complex and diverse characteristics of the bioeconomy, heterogeneous understandings cannot be ignored. For this reason, the conceptual development of the bioeconomy is still a hurdle to overcome, especially in the context of Latin America, where realities are much different than those in which the European and North American concepts of the bioeconomy were formed. In Europe and North America, the bioeconomy is repeatedly defined by the traditional boundaries of the economic sectors in which it is considered to cover and by the products these sectors develop. These sectors include agriculture, bioenergy, food production, biomass processing, high value-added biotech products, and biodegradable waste. Albeit important components of Brazil’s economy, such a limiting focus on traditional sectors and products overshadows Brazil’s potential for broader bioeconomic development especially if focus is placed upon processes of production rather than on the products produced.

Photo by Guilherme de Queiroz Stein

Workshop participants overwhelmingly emphasized that the concept of the Brazilian Bioeconomy needs to be formed in face of the country’s unique realities and potentials, which include placing the country’s biodiversity, immense natural capital, and socio-cultural diversity as central elements of the bioeconomy. The employment of these potentials must translate into the development of new activities, sectors, and industries capable of increasing aggregate value while simultaneously fostering endogenous development dynamics that break Brazil’s dependency on commodity and biomass export-oriented development. To this end, the economic dynamics in which these new processes operate must be monitored and their contribution to sustainable development must be quantified. Sustainability depends less on what is produced, but rather more on how and to what extent adopted business models, constructed values chains, and developed governance arrangements ensure environmental preservation, promote pro-social development, and respect human rights. In this light, the promotion of a new bioeconomy is necessary, one capable of valuing the immense diversity-based potentials and which can be attained via payments for ecosystem services, industrialization of natural products, and ecological recovery of degraded landscapes and lands. Furthermore, there is a place for the promotion of low-carbon agriculture, agroforestry systems, as well as innovations coming from bioprospecting, molecular biology, biomimicry and the use of micro-organisms for industrial solutions.

«Quebradeira de Côco Babaçu – Brasil – Tocantins – Pequizeiro » by JcPietro. Licensed under CC BY-SA 4.0.

The legal frameworks that regulate the development of the aforementioned sectors will be important in the structuring of their future markets and for setting boundaries to the expansion of the bioeconomy, the parameters of which should focus on guaranteeing the bioeconomy’s socio-environmental sustainability. Nonetheless, these parameters by and of themselves, will not suffice to lock down on a guaranteed sustainable development trajectory. The commitment of actors involved in ensuring the sustainability of the processes and products of Brazil’s bioeconomy is of utmost necessity, arising from investment in new business models for both profitability and generating well-being. Furthermore, the implementation of policies to tackle bottlenecks is essential, and may involve remedying the lack of professional training in strategic geographic regions, ending the scarcity of venture capital and start-up support services, as well as bring stabilized and sustained levels of public investment in scientific research and innovation to avoid sudden budget cuts.

It must be emphasized that the creation of new markets, such as those linked to carbon emissions markets and ecosystem services, will only find stable footing and consumer confidence through verifiable environmental compliance and tangible progress toward meeting Brazil’s internationally assumed environmental commitments. This hinges on the reestablishment of the Brazilian state’s command and control capacities, especially in the environmental area, with an emphasis on achieving zero deforestation in Brazil as quickly as possible. The current political trajectory guiding Brazil’s federal administrative apparatus likely poses the largest current hurdle to achieving the aforementioned goals, as it has -beyond deprioritizing the goals- moved to deliberately reduce the capacity of state agencies to ensure and maintain environmental protections as well as promoted predatory activities such as, but not limited to, illegal and unregulated mining in the Amazon.

Photo by Guilherme de Queiroz Stein

Both regulatory policies in combination with active promotion of the bioeconomy will only be capable of achieving social inclusion if the active participation of civil society is guaranteed through adequate mechanisms in the formulation, implementation, and monitoring stages of the public policy process. Appropriate valuation (beyond the scope of monetary value) of the country’s ecosystems and their immense biodiversity should only occur with active engagement and dialog with indigenous peoples and their knowledge systems, traditional communities (including but not limited to Brazil’s maroon communities), and smallholder farmers, segments of which have developed and maintained knowledge systems and management practices for the sustainable use of biodiversity. A pre-condition for such a dialogue requires that the basic human rights of these peoples are guaranteed, which includes secure tenure and free unhampered access to their lands. This condition can only be achieved in a democratic state, in which the defense of democratic values becomes a fundamental factor for the promotion of a new bioeconomy that genuinely promotes sustainable development.

Below you will find the links shared by workshop participants, which include scientific publications related to the bioeconomy in Brazil and around the world as well as websites for Brazilian projects and research groups working on bioeconomy topics.


Links

A sustainable bioeconomy for Europe: https://knowledge4policy.ec.europa.eu/publication/sustainable-bioeconomy-europe-strengthening-connection-between-economy-society_en

Bioeconomia da Sociobiodiversidade no estado do Pará: https://www.tnc.org.br/content/dam/tnc/nature/en/documents/brasil/projeto_amazonia_bioeconomia.pdf

Coalizão Brasil Clima, Florestas e Agricultura: https://www.coalizaobr.com.br/home/index.php/o-que-propomos/posicionamentos-coalizao/2206-forca-tarefa-de-bioeconomia-da-coalizao-define-posicao-e-propostas-de-acoes-sobre-o-tema 

Diálogo Florestal: https://dialogoflorestal.org.br/foruns-regionais/forum-florestal-da-amazonia/

Financing mechanisms to bridge the resource gap to conserve biodiversity and ecosystem services in Brazil: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2212041621000796

Fórum Florestal da Amazônia – Plano Estratégico: https://dialogoflorestal.org.br/wp-content/uploads/2021/07/ff-amazonia-planejamento-estrategico.pdf

Grupo de Economia do Meio Ambiente e Desenvolvimento Sustentável (GEMA) – UFRJ: www.ie.ufrj.br/gema

Grupo de Pesquisa SABio: https://sabio-project.org/pt/portugues/ 

Portal de Bioeconomia: https://portaldebioeconomia.com/

Science Panel for the Amazon – Amazon Assessment Report 2021: https://www.theamazonwewant.org/wp-content/uploads/2021/11/211112-Amazon-Assessment-Report-2021-Part-III-reduced.pdf 

Onde Estamos na Implementação do Código Florestal? Radiografia do CAR e do PRA nos Estados Brasileiros – Edição 2020: https://www.climatepolicyinitiative.org/pt-br/publication/onde-estamos-na-implementacao-do-codigo-florestal-radiografia-do-car-e-do-pra-nos-estados-brasileiros/

Lei nº 13.123/2015 (Acesso ao Patrimônio Genético e Conhecimento Tradicional Associado): http://www.planalto.gov.br/ccivil_03/_ato2015-2018/2015/lei/l13123.htm

Decreto nº 8.772/2016 (regulamenta Lei nº 13.123/2015): http://www.planalto.gov.br/ccivil_03/_ato2015-2018/2016/decreto/d8772.htm

Decreto nº 10.844/2021 (altera Decreto nº 8.772/2016): http://www.planalto.gov.br/ccivil_03/_Ato2019-2022/2021/Decreto/D10844.htm

Presentación en la Conferencia Internacional: «Bienes y servicios ambientales: Negociaciones internacionales y dilemas políticos»

Melisa Deciancio participó del panel “Bienes y servicios ambientales: Negociaciones internacionales y dilemas políticos” en la Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú (PUCP), abordando el estado y desafíos de la bioeconomía en Argentina, Brasil y Uruguay. Los otros panelistas incluyeron a Pedro Da Motta Veiga (CINDES-Brasil), Manuel Rojas (PUCP); y Alan Fairlie (PUCP).